Responsible Conduct of Research
The editors follow the recommendations and procedures outlined in the COPE Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. Specifically, the editors will work to ensure the highest ethical standards of publication, including: the identification and management of conflicts of interest (for editors and for authors), the fair evaluation of manuscripts, and the publication of manuscripts that meet the journal’s standards of excellence. All work should be free of fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism as defined by the Canadian Tri-Agency Framework: Responsible Conduct Of Research. Where editors detect possible misconduct with regards to a submission, they are ethically obliged to act, first by seeking a response from the corresponding author and if not satisfied, by following-up with the relevant employer or institution. Editors should make all reasonable efforts to ensure that a proper investigation into alleged misconduct is conducted.
Authorship should be limited to those who have contributed substantially to the work. The corresponding author must have obtained permission from all authors for the submission of the manuscript and for any change in authorship. The corresponding author is the formal guarantorof the manuscript, and thus the individual identified as accountable for the integrity of the content, including data and results if applicable, reported in the paper. The corresponding author is responsible for replying to e-mails associated with the review of their manuscript. All authors share part of the responsibility for any manuscript they coauthor, and as such, must ensure (to the best of their knowledge) that the paper is an accurate, verifiable report of the research. While all coauthors may not be experts in all aspects of the research presented in their paper, they should have in place an appropriate process for reviewing the accuracy of the reported results.
Conflict of Interest
All authors and editors must disclose any association that poses a conflict of interest in connection with the manuscript. As described in the 2nd edition of the Canadian Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans, a conflict of interest may arise when activities or situations place an individual or institution in a real, potential or perceived conflict between the duties or responsibilities related to research, and personal, institutional or other interests. In the context of publication, examples of possible or potential conflicts of interest include a close personal friendship or family relationship with members on the Editorial Board, certain funding sources, or particular ideological, political or religious beliefs. Many interests of this sort will be managed effectively through disclosure, either in the text (e.g., one’s personal political or religious perspective) on in a declaration of interests (e.g., a funder) at the top of the publication. Authors should disclose relevant conflicts of interest to the editor, and work to manage those conflicts that cannot be avoided.
Members of the Editorial Board – including the Editor-in-chief and the Executive – will publish in the journal. To mitigate as much as possible this real and apparent conflict of interest, editors will not be involved in the review of their own manuscripts, or those in the section for which they are responsible. The evaluators of editor-authored manuscripts will follow the same principle as applied to non-editor authored manuscripts, namely, working to ensure that the final paper meets the highest standards of quality and academic excellence. To ensure full transparency, a note will be included at the top of any editor-authored paper stating that the author is also an editor at the journal, and enumerating any other conflicts of interest. Further, the names of the editors who evaluate a manuscript will always be named on the final publication, as is the case for all publications. The biographies of the editorial board will list all relevant interests (financial, academic, etc.) and will be regularly updated (at least annually).
Advertising and Commercial Interests
The Canadian Journal of Bioethics is a not-for-profit journal and run entirely on a volunteer basis; as such, editors are not remunerated for their journal related activities. The Editorial Board may on occasion decide to publicise certain events or activities on the journal website, but no paid advertising or sponsorship will be solicited or accepted.
Research involving human participants must have been approved by the author's institutional research ethics board (REB/IRB). Authors must include in their Methods section a brief statement identifying the institutional and/or licensing committee approving the research. Authors must also include a statement confirming that informed consent was obtained from all human participants. Research must have been conducted according to the principles expressed in the Canadian Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humansor similar international policies on research ethics (e.g., Declaration of Helsinki).
Materials and Data Availability
To allow others to replicate and build on work published in BioéthiqueOnline, authors must make materials, data, and associated protocols available to readers. Authors must disclose upon submission of the manuscript any restrictions on the availability of materials or information. Data not shown and personal communications should be of limited use to support claims in the work. Certain data or information can be kept confidential for ethical reasons (such as identifying information of participants). Any other reasons for concealing data or material must be justified. Authors are encouraged to deposit as much of their data as possible in publicly accessible databases. As for material banks, researchers are strongly encouraged to share material after publication to promote sharing within the scientific community.
The Canadian Journal of Bioethics will retain personal author information (e.g., contact details), solely with the objective of fulfilling the journal’s mandate and ensuring an efficient and ethical publication process. Personal information will be protected by reasonable security safeguards against loss or theft, as well as unauthorized access, disclosure, copying, use or modification.