Democracy, Effective Referral, and the Instrumentalization of Patients

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Elyse Platt


Philosophers such as Roger Trigg have taken issue with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario policy on effective referral arguing that it is an example of a culture of consumerism in medicine. In this paper, I take issue with this position and instead argue that physicians who fail to effective refer are instead misusing their power as gatekeepers to healthcare.

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"Response to" Commentaries